Philodendron plants are popular indoor plants because of their beautiful foliage and ease of care. The heartleaf philodendron is the most well-known variety, but there are many others to choose from. Some popular types include the Pink Princess, Brasil, Black Cardinal, Hope Selloum, Prince of Orange, Ecuador, Silver Sword, Tree, White Princess, and Imperial Red and Green. Each variety has its own unique features and care requirements. Whether you’re a plant lover or just starting out, there’s a philodendron type that will suit your taste and skill level.
16 Trendy Philodendron Types to Grow Indoors
With houseplants, philodendrons are a popular choice among plant enthusiasts. We know these tropical plants for their beautiful foliage and ability to thrive indoors. With a wide variety of philodendron types available, each with its own unique characteristics, it’s overwhelming to choose the perfect one for your indoor garden. In this article, we will explore 15 trendy philodendron types that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also suitable for indoor cultivation.
Different Varieties of Philodendrons
There are many types of philodendrons, each with its own unique appearance. Some popular types of philodendrons include:
1. Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum)
The Heartleaf Philodendron is a classic and widely loved philodendron type. Its heart-shaped leaves and trailing vines make it an excellent choice for hanging baskets or pots placed on shelves. We know this philodendron for its resilience and ability to adapt to different light conditions, making it perfect for beginners.
2. Xanadu Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)
The Xanadu Philodendron is a compact, shrub-like variety that showcases deeply dissected, glossy green leaves. Its compact nature makes it an ideal choice for smaller spaces or as a tabletop centerpiece. This philodendron thrives in medium to bright indirect light and requires well-draining soil.
We know this philodendron for its large, heart-shaped leaves with splits in the center. It is a relatively large plant that requires more space than some other philodendrons.
3. Elephant Ear Philodendron (Philodendron domesticum)
As the name suggests, the Elephant Ear Philodendron boasts large, heart-shaped leaves resembling elephant ears. This philodendron type adds a tropical touch to any indoor space and can grow quite large, so it’s best suited for spacious rooms. It requires bright indirect light and regular watering to thrive.
4. Split Leaf Philodendron (Monstera deliciosa)
The Split Leaf Philodendron, also known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, is a popular choice for its unique foliage. The large, fenestrated leaves create a dramatic and tropical ambiance in any room. This philodendron variety prefers bright indirect light and moderate humidity for optimal growth.
5. Prince of Orange Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’)
With its striking orange-colored new leaves that gradually change to a deep green shade, the Prince of Orange Philodendron adds a vibrant pop of color to your indoor garden. This philodendron can tolerate lower light conditions, making it suitable for spaces with less natural light.
6. Red Emerald Philodendron (Philodendron erubescens)
The Red Emerald Philodendron is a captivating variety with deep green foliage and reddish-tinged undersides. Its velvety leaves and compact growth habit make it an excellent choice for tabletop displays or small shelves. This philodendron thrives in medium to bright indirect light and requires regular watering.
7. Brasil Philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’)
The Brasil Philodendron is a variegated variety that features heart-shaped leaves with vibrant green and yellow patterns. This striking contrast adds visual interest to any room, making it a favorite among philodendron enthusiasts. It can tolerate a wide range of light conditions, but bright indirect light is ideal for its growth.
This philodendron has green leaves with yellow stripes. It is a fast-growing plant that is relatively easy to care for.
8. Rojo Congo Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’)
We know the Rojo Congo Philodendron for its deep burgundy-colored leaves, which add a touch of elegance and drama to any indoor space. This philodendron variety thrives in medium to bright indirect light and requires regular watering to maintain its vibrant foliage.
9. Pink Princess Philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess’)
The Pink Princess Philodendron is a highly sought-after variety famous for its stunning, variegated leaves. The leaves showcase beautiful shades of dark green, light green, and pink, creating a visually captivating display. This philodendron prefers bright indirect light and high humidity to thrive.
This philodendron has dark green leaves with pink and white variegation. It is a relatively rare and sought-after plant.
10. Silver Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Silver Sword’)
The Silver Philodendron, also known as the Silver Sword, features large, heart-shaped leaves with silver-gray markings. This philodendron variety adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to any indoor space. It requires bright indirect light and regular watering to maintain its silver coloration.
11. Selloum Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)
The Selloum Philodendron, also known as the Tree Philodendron or Cutleaf Philodendron, is a stunning variety with deeply lobed leaves that resemble palm fronds. This philodendron type can grow to impressive sizes, making it a statement piece in any room with ample space and bright indirect light.
12. Golden Goddess Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Golden Goddess’)
The Golden Goddess Philodendron is a compact variety with small, golden-yellow leaves that brighten up any space. This philodendron is well-suited for tabletop displays or terrariums because of its petite size. It thrives in bright indirect light and high humidity conditions.
13. Moonlight Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Moonlight’)
We named the Moonlight Philodendron for its vibrant, chartreuse-colored leaves. This variety adds a touch of brightness to any indoor garden and creates a lively atmosphere. It requires bright indirect light to maintain its vibrant foliage and should be watered regularly.
14. Red Congo Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Red Congo’)
The Red Congo Philodendron showcases elongated, deep green leaves with a reddish hue. This variety adds a splash of color and warmth to your indoor space. It thrives in medium to bright indirect light and requires regular watering to keep its foliage vibrant.
15. Autumn Philodendron (Philodendron ‘Autumn’)
The Autumn Philodendron displays leaves with a captivating blend of green, yellow, and reddish-brown hues. This variety creates a cozy and warm ambiance in any room. It requires bright indirect light and moderate humidity for optimal growth.
16. Philodendron Berkins
This philodendron has dark green leaves with cream-colored stripes. It is a relatively easy-care plant that is well-suited for beginners.
Propagation of Philodendrons
Stem cuttings can propagate philodendrons or by air layering.
- Stem cuttings: To propagate a philodendron by stem cutting, cut a 6- to 8-inch section of stem that has at least two leaves. Remove the bottom leaves and plant the cutting in a pot of well-draining potting mix. Keep the soil moist and the cutting will root in a few weeks.
- Air layering: To propagate a philodendron by air layering, make a cut in the plant’s stem about 2 inches above the soil. Cover the cut with moist sphagnum moss and secure it with a rubber band. The plant will eventually root from the cut area.
Philodendron Plant Care
Philodendrons are a genus of evergreen flowering plants native to tropical rainforests in South America. They are popular houseplants because they are relatively easy to care for and come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.
Here are some general tips for caring for philodendrons:
- Light: Philodendrons prefer bright, indirect sunlight. Too much direct sunlight can scorch their leaves.
- Water: Water your philodendron when the top inch of soil is dry. Philodendrons are susceptible to root rot, so it is important not to over-water them.
- Soil: Philodendrons prefer a well-draining potting mix. A good potting mix for philodendrons will be rich in organic matter and have good drainage.
- Fertilizer: Fertilize your philodendron once a month during the spring and summer with a balanced liquid fertilizer.
- Temperature: Philodendrons prefer warm temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Humidity: Philodendrons appreciate high humidity levels. If your home is dry, you can help to increase the humidity around your philodendron by grouping it with other plants, placing it on a pebble tray, or using a humidifier.
Philodendrons are susceptible to a few common pests, including spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. We can control these pests by washing the leaves of the plant with a mild soapy solution or by using an insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Philodendrons are also susceptible to a few common diseases, including root rot and leaf spot. Root rot is caused by over watering and can be prevented by allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Leaf spot is caused by a fungus and can be treated with a fungicide.
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Philodendrons are versatile, and visually appealing plants, making them a popular choice for indoor gardening. With a wide variety of trendy philodendron types available, you can find the perfect plant to suit your space and personal style. Remember to consider the specific light requirements and care instructions for each variety to ensure healthy and thriving plants in your indoor oasis.
Photo Brian's Botanicals on Flickr
Philodendron corsinianum is a very attractive philo species with dark green leaves and white veins. These leaves are different than most with a light velvet to sheen feel and look to them. The undersides of the...
Photo Scott Zona on Flickr
Philodendron cf. radiatum
cultivated, private garden, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA.
Climbing species. Definitely not Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum (P. bipinnatifidum or P. selloum). If you recognize this one, please comment below.
Photo douneika on Flickr
Giardineria Drago - Schio (VI)
Photo Brian's Botanicals on Flickr
Photo giveawayboy on Flickr
1. Can philodendrons be grown in low light conditions?
While philodendrons can tolerate low light conditions, they prefer bright indirect light for optimal growth.
2. How often should I water my philodendron plants?
Water your philodendrons when the top inch of soil feels dry. Over-watering can lead to root rot, so it’s important to allow the soil to dry out between waterings.
3. Do philodendrons require a lot of humidity?
Many philodendron varieties thrive in moderate to high humidity. You can increase humidity levels by using a humidifier, placing a tray of water near the plant, or misting the leaves regularly.
4. Can philodendrons be propagated easily?
Yes, philodendrons are relatively easy to propagate. You can propagate them using stem cuttings in either water or well-draining soil.
5. Are philodendrons toxic to pets?
Yes, philodendrons are toxic to pets if ingested. It’s important to keep them out of reach of curious animals to ensure their safety.